The Moser Framework, also known as the Levy Framework, aims to initiate 'gender planning' as a type of planning in its own right. It supports an integrated gender-planning perspective in all development work, concentrating on the power relations between men and women. “The goal of gender planning is the emancipation of women from their subordination, and their achievement of equality, equity, and empowerment.” The Moser Framework consists of the following tools:

  • Gender roles identification / triple role: Maps the gender division of labor by asking—Who does what? with consideration of women’s triple role in lower income countries (reproductive, productive, and community-managing activities).

  • Needs assessment: Based on the idea that women as a group have particular needs which differ from those of men as a group, identifies two types of needs:

    • Practical gender needs: Needs which, if they were met, assist women in their current activities.

    • Strategic gender needs: Needs, which if they are met, enable women to transform existing imbalances of power between women and men.

  • Disaggregating control of resources and decision-making within the household: Links allocation of resources within the household (intra-household allocation) with the bargaining processes by asking the questions—Who controls what? Who decides what? How?

  • Planning framework for balancing the triple role: Examines how a planned program/ project will increase a woman's workload in one of her roles, to the detriment of her other roles.

  • Women in Development (WID)/ GAD Policy Matrix: Primarily an evaluation tool that examines the approach used by an existing project/ program/ policy that distinguishes between different aims in interventions but may also be used to consider suitable approaches for future work.

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